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APRIL 22, 1919/ 

By Gen. John J. Pershing. 

Although I have followed the effort that has been made 
by the 33rd Division from the time of its landing up to the 
time of the Armistice, it has not been my good fortune to have 
an opportunity to inspect it as a whole, nor to say a word of 
a personal nature as to what it has accomplished. 

Now that demobilization has begun it is well for you, 
before you leave, to form in your minds a very distinct impres- 
sion of what has been accomplished by the American Expedi- 
tionary Forces, of which you have been such an important part. 

When we entered the war we found the Allied Army in a 
very low state of morale and our entry gave them new hope. 
When our Divisions, even partly trained though some of them 
were, were thrown into the line, stopped the onslaughts of the 
armies of the Central Powers, then our Allies took a new 
courage and a new spirit of aggressiveness. 

Beginning with the battle of Sampigny, of splendid mem- 
ory, following the operations of the American Army on down 
to Chateau Thierry, and in the Marne-Aisne offensive, in the 
Champagne, and under our own splendid army in the battle 
of St. Mihiel and later in the final great victory of the war, 
the Argonne, we have to our credit nothing but a succession 

* Reported by Sgt. H. L. Livingstone, Q. M. C, 33rd Division, 1907 S. 8th 
St., Springfield, 111. 


520 H. L. Livingstone j.i.s.h.s. 

of victories. This is one thought that you must carry home 
very clearly in your minds. Another is that the very good 
effort we made to provide for four million men was completed 
only to accommodate two million men, as we found that the 
stuff of which those two million men was made was sufficient 
to carry the war to a successful conclusion in 1918, instead of 
prolonging it to 1919, as we all thought might be necessary, or 
even to 1920. These things, then, have been a part of your 
work. They are to your credit, credit of the entire American 
Expeditionary Forces, but they would not have been possible 
except through the very splendid individual efforts that you 
have offered to the cause. Whether you know it or not, 
whether you fully realize it or not, there has been in each 
individual a spiritual uplift which carried him forward with 
an aggressiveness, which, combined as a whole, made the 
American Army an invincible one. You have belonged, then, 
to the greatest army, the most splendid army of modern times, 
under probably the best organization and composed of a per- 
sonnel unequaled in modern times with an aggressiveness and 
fighting spirit unsurpassed by any. You have in that army, 
and as a part of it, fought in the greatest cause for which 
mankind ever fought. You have as a part of that army and 
in that cause represented perhaps the greatest nation, at 
least in many respects, in the world today. 

Isn't it a proud thing, men, for you to carry home these 
thoughts with you, and when you contemplate it I am sure 
none will dare to minimize your efforts in your presence or 
speak discouragingly of them. 

It is necessary that you carry home with you a very cor- 
rect impression of what you have done, because your service 
has been far from home and far from your people, who will 
expect you to carry back a story of what America has accom- 
plished in the war. It has been a very great privilege for 
every individual to have served as a part of this army in the 
war and each has given his very best, each has made the 
supreme effort to carry out the wishes of our people, but in 

Voi.xv,Nos.i-2 General Pershing's Address 521 

doing so you also have received much. lt!ou have received a 
strengthening of character, you have received a breadth of 
vision which you had not before and you have prepared your- 
selves, unconsciously, to take up the duties that will devolve 
upon you when you return to your homes and your firesides. 
These duties may be manifold, none of us can tell what we 
are going to be called upon to do, but we know, we are assured, 
that each will return to his home and follow whatever calling 
may fall to his lot with the very same earnestness, with the 
same industry, and with the same integrity of purpose with 
which you have fought the battles of our country. 

When you return home with the military victory, as you 
are going to do, I am going to add to that another victory, and 
that is a moral one, which you are carrying back. It is the 
greatest moral victory that has ever been accomplished by an 
army. Isn't it a splendid thing that each one of you will be 
able to return home and say to his mother, or wife, or sister, 
or sweetheart, that he belonged to an army of two million 
men, served in a foreign country for more than two years, 
under more than ordinary temptations and yet returned home 
to the bosom of his family absolutely clean, morally as well as 
mentally and physically? Wouldn't that be a splendid thing 
to say to the womanhood of America, who remained back there 
waiting and praying that you might return with a victory? 
Wouldn't it be a tribute and honor to the women who made 
many sacrifices and came to the fight alongside of you in 
Europe and administered to the wounded and sick and other- 
wise maintained an esprit and morale? Wouldn't it be a fine 
thing for the coming generations of young men of America 
for you to be able to say that this was an army of moral cru- 
saders who returned home with a victory such as the world 
never has seen? More than all the splendid victory is the 
individual whose earnest work as such will make the combined 
victory possible. Let us bear that in mind, carry it out, go 
home with it proudly as we shall return home with the military 

522 H. L. Livingstone j.i.s.h.s. 

I shall close by simply expressing to you, your commander 
and your officers, my very sincere thanks and my appreciation 
of the splendid work that has been done by you since your 
entry into the war. You are returning home with a record of 
which you should be exceedingly proud. You are returning 
home with the gratitude of all of those who are familiar with 
what you have done. You are returning home with the grati- 
tude of the Allies, who know what work you have performed, 
not only upon your own front, but elsewhere on the western 
front. May I extend to you the thanks and gratitude of the 
American people, but I shall express the hope that you, your- 
selves, at a very early date, may receive from their own lips, 
at your own firesides, in your own homes in America, their 
thanks and their congratulations. Thank you very much. 

In honor today of the presence of the Honorable Secre- 
tary of War, who has witnessed this splendid review, splendid 
appearance of this Division, I am going to ask him to say a 
word to you, although he has several times declined my 

Address of Secretary of War Newton D. Baker. 

This splendid review which you have given us today has 
called upon you to begin early in the morning to get ready, 
and now we are at the setting of the sun and many of you 
have to scatter to remote places so it would not be just for 
me to take more than a minute to express the sentiment of 
gratitude I feel at having been privileged to witness you today 
as a complete Division in battle array. 

I do want, however, to tell you that those of us who see 
you as you now are have thrills which you perhaps little 
understand, and now that we have come to the sunset of this 
great enterprise I bring you not only thanks for the inspira- 
tion you have given us, not only thanks for the great work you 
have done, but having very recently come from the other side 
I bring you a message of love and welcome from home. You 
are about to sail and when you get to the other side you will 

Voi.xv,No8.i-2 Newton D. Baker's Address 523 

find the arms of the United States stretched out in welcome to 
you, from the port to your own homes, all along the line the 
flags will be out and your friends ready. 

The story of what you have done will for days be the only 
subject of discussion and throughout your whole lives it will 
be the great thing for conversation and memory. 

I have watched this army grow on both sides of the water. 
It did not grow like a poppy but it took genius to make it 
grow. It took genius to organize in France for the receipt of 
this army, drill it, place it, and take care of it. It takes genius 
to send this army home in the way you have been invited to go 
home, and I want, in your presence today, not only to thank 
the man power of the army, but also to thank your great 
Commander-in-Chief, and ask you to join me in three cheers 
for General Pershing. 

* Note. — A History of the Thirty-third Division, A. E. P., by Lieutenant 
Colonel Frederick L. Huidekoper has been published by the Illinois State 
Historical Library.